Friday, June 27, 2014

Leds and Buttons - Freescale FRDM-K64F

Hi makers, programmers and curious :)

   This post will be about my first contact with the ARM technology, by means of my newly arrived Freescale FRDM-K64F development board. As a good Arduino user the first thing I wanted to do with my board was to blink the RGB led it features onboard, so I did it!. The code I developed can be found here . I got a lot of help and examples from the mBed online compiler.

my first ARM-based project

   The blinking LED example from mBed website uses a "wait()" function which I don't like (because wastes processing time), so I developed my own code based on a counter that controls the "entering or not" in the blinking function. It is possible to notice in the gif image above that all the led colors are being lit, one after another; I was satisfied with the results, so I moved to the next step: adding buttons to it!. 

   Again my code is very simple (and can be found here): when no buttons are pressed the blue LED is on; when the left button is pressed the LED turns green and for the right button the LED turns red. It took me only a few minutes to write, compile and test both circuits!.

buttons and LED's on my ARM board

I hope you guys are enjoying my blog, and I surely want to here from you. See you all soon.

My Brand-new Freescale Freedom board!

Hello everyone,

  Some weeks ago I entered a contest from Freescale Semiconductor, the Montain Mondays: the contest would give away 20 development boards for the ARM Cortex-M4 technology, every monday for five weeks (a total of 100 boards). The board were the FRDM-K64F , Ethernet enabled, onboard SD Card reader and Arduino form-factor. All I had to do is to suggest a possible application for the board. 
   The the board come to me by mail and I started to look around the internet for information about it: surprisingly there are tons of documentation and libraries, including some for most of the Arduino-compatible sensors and actuators. There is even  an online IDE/compiler for the ARM boards: mBed (which is fully compatible with my specific model of board). 

the tiny nice FRDM-K64F from Freescale

   The IDE has a nice design, is light and includes libraries that can be imported into your project almost automatically: if you compile your design without some specific (and necessary) library, the IDE will give you a warning, then you are driven to a search too where there is going to be a list of all "alike" libraries; just click on "import" and you are good to go!. 
   This board can be programmer through a system called "Open SDA", which allows you to simply drag your compiled program into a "disk", which is really the interface of the ARM microcontroller with your computer. It simplifies the process of flashing your device and makes it look nice and fast.
   I would like to thank +Freescale for sending me this board; And also would like to tell you guys that I have been working on a temperature and humidity Data-logger inside this board, which will also be Ethernet capable: and hopefully will become a fully functional meteorological station; More news and updates to come in the next few days. 

My project featured on SeeedStudio

Hello Makers,

   Last Tuesday, June 24th I had a project featured in a contest of Seeed Studio website: my 6-bit Arduino thermometer, that can be seen here. The contest consists of sharing your first maker project, and you can get $5 in credits to use in SeeeD Studio website. I found their initiative very nice, because it encourages other to become makers just like me, and turn the world into a better place.

   The project inside my blog: here
   The project on Seeed Studio: here

Monday, June 23, 2014

Second project - Temperature + humidity + LCD!

Hello coders, hackers, makers and curious visitors!

   The second project I worked on is a "temperature and humidity sensor with a LCD display" based on Arduino, the DHT11 serial temperature/humidity sensor, the LM35 linear temperature sensor and a 16x2 LCD screen. The project is similar to this one and features readings of temperature and humidity that are shown in a LCD display and sent via Arduino (USB- serial) to any PC terminal. Below I show a picture of the project working:

The prototype, when compared to Google Weather (upper right corner)

   The serial console (on arduino IDE) can be seen below, capturing successive readings from Arduino serial:

Screenshot of data captured through serial

   The complete schematic of this prototype is in the picture below; it was developed using Fritzing; You can download the schematic here

   The project was coded inside the Arduino IDE using some third-part codes, which I put together and made it work. The original codes are: DHT11 Library and LiquidCrystal . My code is available in the box below, as well as in this Github link.

 Modified by Clovis Fritzen in June 11th, 2014:
 - The original program read the serial temperature/humidity sensor DHT11 (which is still part of this program); 
 - "Delay" function substituted by a counter (when the counter overflows the program enters the serial routine)
 - Added the LM35 (10mV/C temperature sensor) reading via serial, to compare both sensors
  Board           int.0   int.1   int.2   int.3   int.4   int.5
 Uno, Ethernet   2   3
 Mega2560   2   3   21   20   19   18
 Leonardo   3   2   0   1
 Due           (any pin, more info
 This example, as difference to the other, make use of the new method acquireAndWait()

int idDHT11pin = 2; //Digital pin for comunications
int idDHT11intNumber = 0; //interrupt number (must be the one that use the previus defined pin (see table above)
long count= 0; // counter for spacing the serial writings
long AcqPeriod= 0;
int sensorPin = A5; // input pin for LM35 (10mV/C)
int sensorValue = 0; // variable to store the LM35 temperature
int led= 13;

void dht11_wrapper(); // must be declared before the lib initialization

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(9, 8, 5, 4, 3, 6);

// Lib instantiate
idDHT11 DHT11(idDHT11pin,idDHT11intNumber,dht11_wrapper);

void setup()
  pinMode(led, OUTPUT);   
  Serial.println("DHT11 temp/humidity sensor - Example program");
  Serial.print("Lib version: ");
  Serial.println("modified by Clovis Fritzen");
   // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows: 
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
  // Print a message to the LCD.
  lcd.print(" DHT:|LM35:|HUM:");
// This wrapper is in charge of calling 
// mus be defined like this for the lib work
void dht11_wrapper() {
void loop()
  AcqPeriod= 400000; // set here the interval in which data is sent into serial 
  if (count < AcqPeriod) // Still need to make sure what this number represents in terms of
                      // seconds or cycles of clock
  count= count++;
  if (count < (AcqPeriod/2)) // just a routine to blink a led :)
    digitalWrite(led, HIGH);
  } else{
    digitalWrite(led, LOW);
  //Serial.print("\nRetrieving information from sensor: ");
  Serial.print("\nRead sensor: ");
 count= '0';
 sensorValue = analogRead(sensorPin);
 sensorValue= sensorValue/2;
  int result = DHT11.acquireAndWait();
  switch (result)
  case IDDHTLIB_OK: 
    Serial.println("Error\n\r\tChecksum error"); 
    Serial.println("Error\n\r\tISR time out error"); 
    Serial.println("Error\n\r\tResponse time out error"); 
    Serial.println("Error\n\r\tData time out error"); 
    Serial.println("Error\n\r\tDelta time to small"); 
    Serial.println("Error\n\r\tNot started"); 
    Serial.println("Unknown error"); 
  lcd.setCursor(7, 1);
  // print the number of seconds since reset:
  Serial.print("Humidity (%): ");
  Serial.println(DHT11.getHumidity(), 0); // ", 0" represents the number of decimal positions after the comma

  Serial.print("DHT11 Temp (oC): ");
  Serial.println(DHT11.getCelsius(), 0); // ", 0" represents the number of decimal positions after the comma
  lcd.setCursor(13, 1);
  // print the number of seconds since reset:
  lcd.print(DHT11.getHumidity(), 0);
  Serial.print("LM35 Temp (oC): ");

  //Serial.print("Temperature (oF): ");
  //Serial.println(DHT11.getFahrenheit(), 2);

  //Serial.print("Temperature (K): ");
  //Serial.println(DHT11.getKelvin(), 2);

  //Serial.print("Dew Point (oC): ");

  //Serial.print("Dew Point Slow (oC): ");
   // set the cursor to column 0, line 1
  // (note: line 1 is the second row, since counting begins with 0):
  lcd.setCursor(1, 1);
  // print the number of seconds since reset:

   I just want to share some notes with you:
- Both the DHT11 and LM35 have a "step" (or resolution) of one degree Celsius, meaning they cannot read something like "26.3"; They a only capable of reading numbers with no decimal (e.g: "26").
- The contrast of the LCD screen can be adjusted by means of the potentiometer; Its backlight is always on (last two pins of the LCD on the schematic above).
- The circuit works independently on the presence of the USB cable on Arduino; it means that it will work on batteries for example!. in this case only the serial readings will be missing.
- The is a blinking led on pin 13 of Arduino (which is assemble on the board); That one is there just for fun.

   I hope you guys are enjoying my posts so far, and trying to validate my projects by doing it yourselves. If you have any suggestions/ recommendations or critics, please feel free to talk to me on Twitter, Google Plus and Facebook, as well as in the comments below. See you all next time!.

Tuesday, June 17, 2014

First project - Arduino Binary Thermometer with LM35

Hello folks! 

   As a first project post I will show you the steps I take to develop a binary thermometer with a LM35 temperature sensor. It is a bit similar to this one from instructables, but mine is arduino-powered. My intention on this project was simply to test the power of arduino (UNO R3) on handling one of its ports (6 bits) at a time, and also the efficacy of the LM35 digital temperature sensor.

The prototype schematic

   The schematic I created was drawn in Fritzing. My code (also available below) can be found in GitHub ( here). It is important to notice that the limits of temperatures that can be read are NOT the ones of the LM35, instead they are limited by the Arduino power supply voltage (0 +5V): so you are able to read  temperatures between +2 and +150 degrees Celsius.

// Arduino timer CTC interrupt example (timer), from
// This example is a binary meter - shows a analog value in a binary (6-bit) output
// Modified by Clovis Fritzen, to fit as a binary thermomter (in may/2014)
// avr-libc library includes
#include < avr/io.h >
#include < avr/interrupt.h >
int sensorPin = A0;    // select the input pin for the potentiometer
int sensorValue = 0;  // variable to store the value coming from the sensor (LM35)
byte binaryValue= B00000000; // initialize port value as zeros

void setup()
    DDRB = DDRB | B00111111; // set 6 pins in port B as outputs
    // initialize Timer1
    cli();          // disable global interrupts
    TCCR1A = 0;     // set entire TCCR1A register to 0
    TCCR1B = 0;     // same for TCCR1B
    // set compare match register to desired timer count:
    OCR1A = 15624; // for temperature
    // turn on CTC mode:
    TCCR1B |= (1 << WGM12);
    // Set CS10 and CS12 bits for 1024 prescaler:
    TCCR1B |= (1 << CS10);
    TCCR1B |= (1 << CS12);
    // enable timer compare interrupt:
    TIMSK1 |= (1 << OCIE1A);
    // enable global interrupts:
void loop()
    // You would put another stuff program here
  // read the value from the sensor  :
  sensorValue = analogRead(sensorPin);
  //digitalValue= sensorValue;
  binaryValue= byte(sensorValue/2);
  PORTB = binaryValue; 

   Some notes:
- The LM35 sensor is connected to the analog input A0;
- I put three colors of leds only to give an impression of "the warmer the color, the warmer the ambient (since the MSB is a red led, connected to pin 13 of arduino);
- I have only tested it indoors so far, and it showed to be accurate enough for a sensor like that, when compared to a DTH11 temperature sensor. 

I hope you have liked it, and I promised I will try to put some videos of the actual circuits working, for the next experiments.